Your liver is diagnosed as diseased when it stops performing its functions optimally. Alcohol overuse, hepatitis, non-alcoholic fatty liver, liver cancer are some factors that may be responsible for liver damage. Over time, this damage results in its scarring (cirrhosis) which can lead to liver failure, a life-hanging condition.
A liver transplant surgery is also called a hepatic transplant. It helps save your life when your liver isn’t in a position to function presently. The treatment involves replacing it with full, or part, of a healthy liver. This may come from a living or asleep donor.
1. What are the types of Liver Transplant?
The three main ways how a liver transplant surgery can be performed
Fallen organ donation involving the transplantation of a liver that has been removed from a person who has crashed new
Living Donator liver transplant involving removal of a section of liver from a living donator. This is because the liver is the only organ in the human body that can regenerate. The transplanted and the remaining section of the donator’s liver regrow into an exhaustively functional, normal-sized liver
. Split donation involves removal of liver from a person who crashed new and breaking up into two pieces; each piece is transplanted into a different person where they grow back to a normal size
2. When do people need a liver transplant?
A liver transplant surgery is required when someone is suffering from irrecoverable liver failure. Irrecoverable liver failure may be a result of Acute Liver Failure or Chronic Liver Disease redounding from Chronic Hepatitis, Cancer, or Liver Cirrhosis in grown-ups.
In children, hereditary causes may lead to acute liver failure and severe complications bearing a transplant. Also, those diagnosed with early-stage Liver Cancer are most likely to advantage from Liver Transplant.
3. How are cases for liver transplant surgery determined?
Assessment by liver transplant specialists analyzes if a liver transplant is an applicable treatment for a particular person. The assessment includes an analysis of the medical history and other tests. The transplant team makes the determinations about whether you demand a transplant and if it can be done safely. Other aspects of your health conditions, like lungs, heart, kinds, mental health, and immune system also need to be checked. That way, the guiding healthcare team can guarantee that you’re a safe applicant for the surgery.
4. Can anyone with liver problems get a transplant?
You can not know a liver transplant if you
Have cancer in any other part of your body
Have major heart, lung, or nerve diseases
. Consume alcohol or take illegal pharmaceuticals
Are unable to follow doctor’s advice
5. How is a transplant decision made?
The liver transplant decision is taken in an argument with everyone who’s involved in the case’s care, including liver transplant surgeons and the case’s family. The case and family’s allowance is essential to understand that they’re alive of the dangers & benefits involved.
6. How long does it take to get a new liver for a case who’s on the transplant list?
For a liver transplant case, his/ her name gets uploaded on a waiting list. Cases are listed predicated on the type of blood, size of the body, and other medical conditions. A right-of-way score is given to the cases predicated on three blood tests, i.e. creatinine, bilirubin, and INR ( measures the time for the blood to clot).
Cases with the maximum scores are the precedence applicants for transplant. With time, as they come more ill, these scores increase which in turn increases their precedence for a transplant.
7. How does a liver transplant get available?
There be two types of liver transplant options – Living angel liver transplant and asleep angel liver transplant.
Living donor liver transplants involve excluding a section of the liver from a healthy living donor and either, implanting it into the case who’s the patron with end-stage liver fever. Both the donor and patron’s liver portions grow back to normal size in a limited week.
The donor could be a relative, partner, or friend; they will have to suffer medical and interior assessments to ice the slightest possible dangers. The living donors and livers to be given are tested before transplant surgery. The testing ensures the liver is healthy, matches the blood type, and is the right size so it has the casual chance of working in your body.
A dead donator liver transplant involves a donor who could be a victim of an accident, or who has a brain hemorrhage or any kind of head injury. In connate cases, the donator’s heart still beats, but the brain stops performing. A person is either considered legally dead as his or her brain permanently and irreversibly stops performing. At this stage, the donator normally is in a critical care unit and the liver is contributed, with the concurrence of the ensuing of kin. Such a donator is applied to as a cadaveric donor.
8. Will the donator and the recipient need to have the same tissue type, sexual relations, age, etc.?
The only necessaries for liver transplant surgeries are that the donator and donor need to be of much the same size and compatible blood types. No other match is claimed.
9. How safe is a liver donation?
Liver donation is safe. After a part of the liver is removed, it grows back to its original size fast within 2-3 months. The donator doesn’t have to take any medicine beyond 2-3 weeks and doesn’t suffer from any long-term goods. He or she gets back to normal life in a month.
10. What are some of the imminences of pre-andpost-surgery?
The high risk before the surgery is the development of acute complications performing from liver complications. With transplantation too, there are multifold risks that are common to all forms of major surgeries.
One of the major perils a case would face isn’t having any liver function for a brief period. Some major perils incontinently after surgery are bleeding, poor function of the grafted liver, and infections. The case is also kept under careful monitoring for several weeks for any signs of rejection of the liver.
11. How to take care of my liver after being discharged from the clinic?
After your discharge, you’ll have to visit your liver transplant specialist as per the instructions given to be sure that your new liver is serving appropriately, not being damaged by rejection, infections, or problems with blood vessels or bile tubes. You’ll have to be careful about avoiding people with infections and must incontinently report any signs of affection to your liver transplant specialist.
You may need a home care helping hand at home, like while walking. Coughing and deep breathing are essential to help the lungs stay healthy and to preclude pneumonia. A proper diet from a dietician is a requirement. After 3-6 months, a person may resume work if he/ she feels fit and gets permission from a physician. Besides maintaining a healthy diet and exercising, the figure from stiff alcohol consumption.
12. Can I resume my normal exercise?
Most people can go back to their normal exercise after a liver transplant surgery. Getting the strength back takes some time, depending on the intensity of the illness before the transplant. Liver Transplant specialists would be telling you how long your recovery period is going to take.
Most people go back to eating as they did anteriorly. Countless pharmaceuticals may induce weight gain, diabetes, or a rise in cholesterol. So, refection planning and a balanced low-fat diet will help you remain healthy. Liver Transplant cases tend to gain weight because they retain water. It’s advised to lower their input of seafarers to reduce or exclude the problem.
Ultimate realities can freely engage in physical exertion after a successful liver transplant. People can reopen a normal relations life post their liver transplantation. Women need to avoid conceiving in the first stretch after transplantation. You should talk to your liver transplant specialist and a gynecologist about reproduction after transplantation.
Dr. Ninad Deshmukh is one of the best Liver transplant surgeons in Pune India. he has performed more than 300 liver transplant surgeries as a Chief Surgeon. Currently, he is available at Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital Pune. He is an expert in all types of liver transplants and is the preferred choice for domestic as well as international patients.
NewLife Gastro Liver Clinic is one of the top Liver transplant clinics in Pune. We endeavor to serve patients with advanced medical solutions that help them to revive their lives. Under the expert supervision of a renowned liver specialist in Pune Dr. Ninad Deshmukh, we bring in quality healthcare solutions within the range of the common man. As a life-saving surgery, a liver transplant is mandatory if you are diagnosed with end-stage liver disease (chronic liver failure).